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book (design) story #229

kurt tucholsky:
deutschland, deutschland über alles

universum-bücherei, berlin, 1929
printer: pass & garleb, a.-g., berlin
size: 24 x 19 cm
designer: paul urban, john heartfield (photomontantages and typography)

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in 1929 german writer kurt tucholski (1890-1935) and phontomontage genius john heartfield (1891-1968) published this book whose title refers to the text of a song that became germany's national anthem in 1922 (today only the 3rd verse is sung). with its provovative text and photomontages it was a scandal - and success.

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it was originally published by the neuer deutsche verlag , berlin, with a now famous cover montage by heartfield (see here). in the same year, a slightly changed second edition came out that was also taken on by the socialist book club "universum-bücherei" as their 54th publication. this edition (shown here) came with a cover designed by paul urban (1901- c.1938) who designed many books for the universum-bücherei and later for querido in amsterdam. the blackletter type seems to mock german nationalism.

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the typography of the title page is rather traditional, ...

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... but what counts is the brilliant content – above: where is germany's money invested? here or maybe here? (pictures of houses) no, it is here (soldiers and tanks).

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a satiric text on german sport , with matching photomontage by heartfield, ...

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... the illustration below on the left speaks for itself ...

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